PENGGUNAAN TA’WIL, TARJIH DAN NASKH DALAM PEMAHAMAN HADIS

Authors

  • Melia Novera

Keywords:

ta'wil, tarjih, naskh

Abstract

This study shows that Muslims need the methods used by scholars in taking hadith fiqh including the ta'wil, tarjih, and naskh methods. Ta'wil is a phrase about taking the meaning of lafadz which is probability supported by the proposition and makes a meaning stronger than the meaning pointed by lafadz dzahir. The explanation is according to Imam al-Ghazali. Furthermore, there are several takwil requirements, the base of ta’wil and the classification of ta’wil. Tarjh is to set an advantage on one side that is opposite each other. Or make something stronger. The term is to compare the signs that strengthen him in front of his opponent While the meaning of nasakh itself is canceling a law with the proposition that comes later. It extends to the discussion of the criteria of nasakhs and texts that do not accept the nasakh that includes the criteria of the nasakh itself.

References

Al Jurjani, Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Ali, At Ta’rifat, Beirut, Dar al Kitab Al Arabi

Maizuddin. (2008). Metodologi Pemahaman Hadits, Padang, Hayfa Press.

Maktabah Asy Syamilah, Irsyadul Fuhul Ila Tahqiqil Haq Min ‘Ilmil Ushul, Bab; Mabhats Awwal: Ma’na ta’adul dan tarjih

Maktabah Asy Syamilah, Muwaththa’ Malik, Bab puasa orang yang junub waktu subuh Ramadhan

Maktabah Asy Syamilah, Shahih Bukhari, Bab man ahabba al bashatha fi ar rizq,

Maktabah Asy Syamilah, Shahih Muslim, Bab hukum ‘azal

Maktabah Asy Syamilah, Sunan at Turmudzi, Bab ta’lim an nasab

Utsaimin, Muhammad bin Sholeh. (2007). Al-Ushul min 'Ilmil Ushul, alih bahasa oleh: abu shilah & Ummu Shilah, Prinsip Ilmu Ushul Fiqh, disebarkan melalui: http://tholib.wordpress.com.

Syanqithi, Muhammad al-Amin. (2001). Muzdakirah Fiy Ushul al-Fiqh, Madinah: Maktabah al-‘Ulum wa al-Hikam.

Safri, Edi. (1999). al-Imam al-Syafi’i Metode Penyelesaian Hadis-Hadis Mukhtalif, Padang: IAIN Press Imam Bonjol.

Thaha, Ibrahim Muhammad. (2000). Al Maktabah Asy Syamilah, Tesis, At Takwil baina dhawabith ushuliyin wa al qira’at mu’ashirin, Bab takwil, Al Quds.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-30